Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique that can be performed by anyone who has received proper training. The American Heart Association recommends Hands-Only CPR for people who witness a teen or adult suddenly collapse in an “out-of-hospital” setting. It involves compressing the chest and can help keep oxygenated blood flowing to vital organs until professional medical help arrives.
Here are the steps to perform Hands-Only CPR:
Assess the Situation: First, check the person’s responsiveness. If the person is not responsive, call for emergency medical help immediately.
Position the Person: Position the person on their back on a firm surface. Ensure that the person's head is in a neutral position with their chin lifted to open their airway.
Start Chest Compressions: Kneel beside the person and place the heel of one hand on the center of the person's chest between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers. Position your shoulders directly above your hands, and with straight arms, use your body weight to push down on the person's chest.
Compression Depth and Rate: Compress the chest at least 2 inches deep and at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. (sing Stayin Alive by the Bee Gees) Allow the chest to return to its normal position after each compression. Keep up a steady rhythm, continuing compressions until medical help arrives.
Do Not Stop: Do not stop performing compressions until the person starts to show signs of responsiveness or the medical team arrives.
It's important to remember that when performing Hands-Only CPR, you should only perform chest compressions without giving rescue breaths. This method can be just as effective and easier to remember, making it a valuable technique to learn.
In conclusion, knowing how to perform Hands-Only CPR can be crucial in an emergency situation. Remember to always call for emergency medical help before performing CPR, and to keep performing compressions until professional help arrives. By following these simple steps, you can potentially save a life.